Country of Origin: The English Bulldog (or simply ‘Bulldog’) was bred in
England in the 1500’s for bull baiting, a popular gambling ‘sport’ in which one or
more dogs were matched up against a chained bull (or bear). These dogs were
bred for sheer fighting capacity, and they were famed for latching onto their prey
with an iron jaw which they refused to release—they could even suffocate
opponents this way. English Bulldogs fell in popularity when bull baiting was
outlawed in the 1830’s, but a committed group of devotees kept the breed alive
and selected away any trace of ferocity. Easily recognizable by their distinctive
and adorable ‘sour mug’, English Bulldogs serve as the mascots of dozens of
sports teams, most famously Georgetown University. Other famous English
Bulldogs include Handsome Dan, the Yale mascot, and Tyson, the skateboarding
Bulldog of Internet fame. English Bulldogs are simultaneously a symbol of British
tenacity and an immensely popular American pet.

       Size: The English Bulldog has a shoulder height of 31-36 cm (12-14 in) and
weighs 22-25 kg (48-55 lbs). It is known for its short, wide muzzle, undershot jaw,
and wide, droopy face giving the appearance of a frown. English Bulldogs have
short legs and tails, rounded chests, and compact, muscular bodies.

       Coat: The English Bulldog has a short, smooth, glossy coat which can be
beige, mottled, brindle, or white.

       Character: The English Bulldog is affectionate, uncomplicated, gentle,
intelligent, sensitive, and fearless. It is known for its loyalty; its happy-go-lucky
attitude is in sharp contrast to its sour face. English Bulldogs are happiest by
their owner’s side and will misbehave if ignored. English Bulldogs are active, alert,
and playful, but not unduly boisterous.

       Temperament: English Bulldogs enjoy mixing with other dogs and household
pets. They are great with children, well behaved, adaptable, comfortable
companions with an affectionate nature and even disposition. Some English
Bulldogs are cautious with strangers, but most are friendly to everyone. They are
likely to drool or snore.

       Care: When the English Bulldog is shedding, use a rubber brush to remove
dead hairs. A special lotion will occasionally need to be applied to the facial and
tail folds to keep them clean; soft tooth brushing with an approved toothpaste is
also recommended. The English Bulldog has a lifespan of 8-12 years. Due to its
facial features, it is susceptible to breathing problems and skin infections, and
many are delivered via Caesarean section due to their large heads. Most English
Bulldogs cannot swim and are averse to hot weather.

       Training: Consistency is important, but the English Bulldog is highly sensitive
to the tone of its handler's voice, making training a fairly simple process. It is
inquisitive and quick to learn simple tasks, yet unpredictable as it is a bit
stubborn on occasion.

       Activity: The exercise needs of the English Bulldog are uncomplicated. It will
adapt itself to the activity level of your family. Sufficient rest is key to
development of healthy bones, muscles, and joints—do not expect your English
Bulldog to run long distances or jump down from tall ledges. English Bulldogs are
well suited to apartment life.
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